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AN AMERICAN GALLERY
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LOCKWOOD DE FOREST, NA

(1850-1932)

Luminist; California Plein Air Painter; Noted Orientalist

by Courtney Fischer

Lockwood de Forest, one of America's fine atmospheric painters, took the lessons of the Hudson River school and applied them in his own manner, creating a looser landscape "sketch." As well as being a painter, de Forest was an interior & building designer and furnishings importer, who had working partnerships with Louis Comfort Tiffany, among others. He was recognized by his peers, as evidenced by his election to the prestigious National Academy of Design. Sullivan Goss is pleased to present the Estate of the Artist.




Table of Contents



Full Moon Over Trees - Two Boats
Oil on artist's board
9.75" x 14.25"

Lockwood de Forest's nocturnes are particularly coveted by collectors for their accurate handling of moonlight. In these works, the artist's broad, confident brushstrokes are as suggestive as they are descriptive. That poetry of that which is left unsaid has to be seen in person to be fully grasped.

I. BIOGRAPHY

Lockwood de Forest II was born in New York in 1850, the son of Henry G. and Julia Weeks de Forest. He began to paint and draw at an early age. At the age of nineteen de Forest had already begun formal training as an artist in Rome at the Corridi school, and had adopted his relative Frederick Church, the famous Hudson River School painter, as his mentor. Although he demonstrated multiple skills in his career, he painted passionately throughout his life.

During his lifetime de Forest was best known as a designer. He was a strong proponent of Indian-inspired design, for which there was a fashion in the late nineteenth century. His travels fueled his interest in eastern art and architecture, and he used his knowledge to further develop his design business. He traveled extensively, from Italy and Greece to the Holy Land and south into the Persian Empire and India; eventually he traveled throughout the United States, Mexico and even to China, Japan and Korea. He recorded his travels not only with design work, but with carefully rendered landscapes, which became increasingly atmospheric over the course of his career.

Captivated by the light and landscape of the South Coast, de Forest began wintering in Santa Barbara around the turn of the century, and moved to Santa Barbara permanently in 1919, where he lived until his death in 1932.

II. SGTV Video

"LOCKWOOD DE FOREST (1850-1932)"
Written, Narrated, and Produced by Jeremy Tessmer

For our 2010 exhibition, Sullivan Goss presented two larger studio paintings as well as a selection of the artist's plein air sketches of Santa Barbara, New York, Mexico and the Middle East.

To watch this video click on the image to the left.




Lone Cypress At Pebble Beach
December 6, 1917
Oil on artist's board
9.75" x 14.25"
Private Collection


Traveling the Nile by Felluca - Pulled up at Night
January 14, 1876
Oil on artist's board
6.25" x 10"
Private collection

III. DE FOREST'S DESIGN WORK

Under Construction

IV. CHRONOLOGY

  • 1850 Born New York, NY
  • 1864 First trip abroad
  • 1868 Family winters in Rome
  • 1870s Studies briefly with James Hart
  • 1970s Sketching trips to the Adirondacks, Rhode Island, MA
  • 1872–1883 Studio in New York's Tenth Street Studio Building
  • 1875 First academy exhibition entry, a Grecian landscape
  • 1875 Travels with family to London, Egypt, Palestine
  • 1877 National Academy of Design submission Pyramid of Saqqara
  • 1877 Travels to Greece and Egypt
  • 1879 Partners with Louis Tiffany, Samuel Colman, & Candace Wheeler in Associated Artists
  • 1880–1882 Honeymoons with Meta Kemble in India
  • 1880 Sets up furniture & decorations factory in Ahmadebad to create his designs
  • 1882 Associated Artists disolved
  • 1885 Publishes Indian Domestic Architecture
  • 1886 Builds home to his design on East 10th St., NY
  • 1892 Visits India, including Ahmadebad factory again to supervise
  • 1893 Medal for commissioned room Marshall Field at World Expo
  • 1898 Election to the National Academy of Design
  • 1898 Visits Europe
  • 1900 Starts wintering in Santa Barbara, CA
  • 1908 Sells his decorating stock in New York
  • 1912 Publishes Illustrations of Design
  • 1913 Last trip to India
  • 1915 Builds home in Santa Barbara, CA
  • 1919 Begins to reside yearround in Santa Barbara, CA
  • 1932 Died April 3, at the age of 82, in Santa Barbara, CA


  • Lagoon at Santa Barbara
    1902
    Oil on canvas
    21.75" x 30"
    Private Collection

    V. COLLECTIONS

  • Alaska State Museum, Juneau, AK
  • Art Institute of Chicago
  • Asian Art Museum, San Francisco, CA
  • Baltimore Museum of Art
  • Brooklyn Museum
  • Brynn Mawr College
  • Century Association, New York, NY
  • Cleveland Museum, Cleveland, OH
  • Cooper Hewitt, National Design Museum, New York, NY
  • Crocker Museum, Sacramento, CA
  • Field Museum and Art Institute
  • Fine Arts Museum of San Francisco
  • Herron Art Institute, Indianapolis, IN
  • Heckscher Museum of Art, Huntington, NY
  • India Museum, South Kensington, London, England
  • Indianapolis Museum of Art, Indianapolis, IN
  • Lahore Museum, Lahore, India
  • Los Angeles County Museum of Art
  • Mark Twain Memorial, Hartford, CT
  • Metropolitan Museum of Art
  • Morse Museum of American Art
  • Merchant Ivory Foundation, Claverack, NY
  • National Academy of Design, New York, NY
  • New York Historical Society, New York, NY
  • New York University's Bonfman Center, NY
  • Olana State Historic Museum, Hudson, NY
  • Palm Springs Museum of Art
  • Santa Barbara Museum of Art, Santa Barbara, CA
  • Santa Barbara Historical Museum
  • Santa Cruz Island Foundation, Santa Barbara, CA
  • Sullivan Goss - Private Collection
  • Smith College
  • Smithsonian, Washington, DC
  • University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA
  • Wilding Art Museum, Los Olivos, CA
  • Wolfsonian Museum, Miami, FL
  • VI. AWARDS (selected list)

  • 1886 Medal for Indian Carvings Colonial Exposition, London
  • 1893 Medal Columbian Exposition, Chicago
  • 1904 Bronze medal, St. Louis Exposition
  • VII. EXHIBITIONS

  • 1872 - 1875, 1877, 1879, 1880, 1883 - 1911, 1916, 1919, 1924 - 1927, 1930 National Academy of Design
  • 1873, 1875, 1878 - 1880, 1884, 1891 - 1892,1894 - 1895, 1899, 1900, 1904 (three solo exhibits),
    1905 - 1909 (solo), 1907 - 1908, 1910
    The Century Association (aka The Century Club)
  • 1873, 1875 - 1877, 1879 Brooklyn Art Association
  • 1875 Chicago Interstate Industrial Exposition
  • 1875 Cincinnati Industrial Exposition
  • 1875, 1877, 1880, 1885 Louisville Industrial Exposition
  • 1876 Young Women's Christian Association
  • 1876 4th Park Gallery, Burlington, VT
  • 1878 Paris Universal Exhibition
  • 1880 Union League Club
  • 1881 Lahore Exhibition, Pakistan
  • 1883 International Art Exhibition, Munich
  • 1884 1893 (Annual Exhibition) Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts
  • 1884 Hillyer Art Gallery at Smith College< Northhampton, MA
  • 1885, 1892 (solo) Avery's Art Galleries, New York, NY
  • 1886 Colonial Expo (medal), London
  • 1887 Artists Fund, New York, NY
  • 1889, 1894 - 1895 (Annual Exhibition) Art Institute of Chicago
  • 1893 World's Columbian Expo (award), Chicago, IL
  • 1894 Boston Art Club, Boston,MA
  • 1901 Pan American Exposition, Buffalo, NY (award)
  • 1904 Louisiana Purchase Expo (award) , St. Louis, MO
  • 1905 Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh, PA
  • 1905 Saint Boltoph Club, Boston (solo)
  • 1905 Steckel Gallery, Los Angeles (solo)
  • 1906 Society of Illustrators in Philadelphia
  • 1906, 1908 Corcoran Gallery
  • 1908 Saint Paul Guild, Saint Paul, MN (solo)
  • 1908 New York Camera Club
  • 1909 - 1910 Del Monte Art Gallery, Monterey, CA
  • 1911 The Central School of Art & Design, London (solo)
  • 1913 Santa Barbara Museum of Art (solo)
  • 1913 St. Louis City Museum, St. Louis, MO (solo)
  • 1913 Art Association of Indianapolis, IN (solo)
  • 1913 John Herron Art Institute, Indianapolis, IN
  • 1918 American Art Association
  • 1920 Art Department, California State Fair, Sacramento
  • 1922 Stendahl Gallery, Los Angeles (solo)
  • 1923 Little Gallery, San Diego, CA
  • 1925 Commemorative Exhibition by Members of the National Academy of Design, 1825-1925
  • 1928 Pasadena Art Institute, Pasadena, CA
  • 1933 Faulkner Memorial Art Gallery, Santa Barbara, CA
  • 1960, 2001 (solo) Santa Barbara Museum of Art
  • 1989 Montgomery Gallery in San Francisco
  • 1976 Lockwood de Forest: Painter, Importer, Decorator, Heckscher Museum, Huntington, NY
  • 1988 Lockwood de Forest: Alaskan Oil Sketches, Alaska Museum of Art, Juneau, AK
  • 1998 The Painted Sketch, Sullivan Goss - An American Gallery, Santa Barbara, CA
  • 2000 Nocturnes, Santa Barbara Museum of Art, Santa Barbara, CA
  • 2000 An Introduction, Sullivan Goss - An American Gallery, Santa Barbara, CA
  • 2001 Plein-Air Oil Sketches, Richard York Gallery, New York, NY
  • 2003 In Quietude, Sullivan Goss - An American Gallery, Santa Barbara, CA
  • 2005 Lockwood de Forest, Sullivan Goss - An American Gallery, Santa Barbara, CA
  • 2007 Lockwood de Forest: At First Blush, Sullivan Goss - An American Gallery, Santa Barbara, CA
  • 2008 Views to Vista: Impressions of Lockwood de Forest, Santa Barbara Trust for Historic Preservation, Santa Barbara, CA
  • 2008 Lockwood de Forest: Poet of Place, Greenville County Museum of Art, Greenville, SC
  • 2008 Casa del Herrero, Montecito, CA
  • 2009 Glories of the Hudson: Frederic Edwin Church's Views from Olana, Olana, Hudson, NY
  • 2010 Lockwood de Forest (1850-1932), Sullivan Goss - An American Gallery, Santa Barbara, CA
  • 2010 The Cooley Gallery, Old Lyme, CT
  • 2011 40 Days & 40 Nights, Sullivan Goss - An American Gallery, Santa Barbara, CA
  • 2012 Night and Day: The Paintings of Lockwood de Forest, Palm Springs Art Museum, Palm Springs, CA
  • 2012 In Search of the Source: Paintings of the Nile and Beyond, Sullivan Goss - An American Gallery, Santa Barbara, CA
  • 2012 Lockwood de Forest: Observer of Nature, Gavin Spanierman, Ltd., New York, NY
  • 2012 Lockwood de Forest's Egypt, Morse Museum of American Art, Winter Park, FL
  • 2012 Lockwood de Forest; 40 Nights, Museum of Monterey, Monterey, CA
  • 2012 Lockwood de Forest in Monterey, Art in the Adobes, Monterey, CA
  • 2013 Along the Nile, St. Mary's College Museum of Art, Morago, CA
  • 2013 Luminescent Santa Barbara: Lockwood de ForestSanta Barbara Historical Museum, Santa Barbara, CA
  • 2014 De Forest's Santa Barbara, Sullivan Goss - An American Gallery, Santa Barbara, CA
  • 2014 All The Raj-Frederic Church & Lockwood de Forest: Painting, Decorating & Collecting at Olana, Olana, New York St. Park, NY
  • 2014 Lockwood de Forest, Smithsonian, Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum, New York, NY


  • Santa Barbara Rincon Peak - Blue Sea
    December 20, 1914
    Oil on board
    9.75" x 14"
    Available for Acquisition

    VIII. CATALOGUE RAISONNE

    In the event that you have works by Lockwood de Forest that you would like included in the catalogue raisonne or which you would like reviewed for authentication, please contact Sullivan Goss - An American Gallery for submission requirements.

    IX. Bibliography

    1. 1. Ackerman, Gerald M. American Orientalists. Paris: ACR Edition, 1994.
    2. 2. Alaska State Museum. Lockwood de Forest : Alaska Oil Sketches.
    3. 3. de Forest, Lockwood. Illustrations of Design, Based on Notes of Line as Used by the Craftsmen of India. Boston: Ginn & Co., 1912.
    4. 4. Goldyne, Joseph. Lockwood de Forest: Plein-air Oil Sketches. New York: Richard York Gallery, 2001.
    5. 5. Hughes, Eden Milton. Artists in California 1786-1940. Third edition. Sacramento, Calif.: 2002.

    De Forest is also listed in:

  • American Art Annual (1919-1932, obituary)
  • Artists of the American West (Doris Dawdy)
  • Artists of the American West (Samuels)
  • Mantle Fielding's
  • Southern California Artists (Nancy Moure)
  • Who's Who in America (1918)
  • Who's Who in California (1929)

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